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Taylors Fire and Sewer District

3335 Wade Hampton Blvd, Taylors, SC 29687
Business Hours: 864-244-5596 | After Hours: 864-244-3980

APARTMENT FIRE SAFETY FLYER
CANDLE SAFETY | CARBON MONOXIDE- SUMMER SAFETY
CHRISTMAS TREE SAFETY TIPS | CLOTHES DRYER SAFETY
COOKING SAFETY | DECEMBER HOLIDAY SAFETY
FIRE SAFETY & AUTISM | FIRE SAFETY FOR THE HOMELESS
FIREWORKS | GENERATOR SAFETY | GRILLING SAFETY
HEAT EXPOSURE | PLAN FOR A FIRE | RV FIRE SAFETY
SMOKE ALARMS | THANKSGIVING SAFETY
TURKEY FRYER SAFETY | WINTER FIRES

CANDLE SAFETY

From 2009-2013, U.S. fire departments responded to an estimated 9,300 home structure fires that were started by candles. These fires caused 86 deaths, 827 injuries and $374 million in direct property damage. Candles caused 3% of reported home fires, 3% of home fire deaths, 6% of home fire injuries, and 5% of the direct property damage from home fires during this period.

Facts and figures
During the five-year period of 2009-2013:

  • Roughly one-third (36%) of home candle fires started in bedrooms. These fires caused 32% of the associated deaths and 47% of the associated injuries.
  • On average, 25 home candle fires were reported per day.
  • Falling asleep was a factor in 11% percent of the home candle fires and 30% of the associated deaths.
  • More than half (58%) of home candle fires occurred when some form of combustible material was left or came too close to the candle.
  • December is the peak time of year for home candle fires. In December, 11% of home candle fires began with decorations compared to 4% the rest of the year.
    Source:
     NFPA’s “Home Candle Fires” report, by Marty Ahrens, December 2015

Printable Candle Safety Tips from NFPA

COOKING SAFETY

Cooking is the number one cause of home fires and home injuries. Being mindful while you cook, however, can go a long way to helping prevent these fires.

Here’s what you need to know!

  • Keep an eye on what you fry
  • Be alert when cooking
  • Keep things that can catch fire away from cooking area

Download “Be Fire-Safe in the Kitchen” – great to share with your children!

Based on 2009-2013 annual averages:

  • Unattended cooking was the leading factor in home cooking fires.
  • Two-thirds (66%) of home cooking fires started with the ignition of food or other cooking materials.
  • Clothing was the item first ignited in less than 1% of these fires, but these incidents accounted for 18% of the cooking fire deaths.
  • Ranges or cooktops accounted for the majority (61%) of home cooking fire incidents. Ovens accounted for 13%.
  • More than half (54%) of reported non-fatal home cooking fire injuries occurred when the victims tried to fight the fire themselves.
  • Frying poses the greatest risk of fire.

Source: NFPA’s “Home Fires Involving Cooking Equipment” report by Marty Ahrens, November 2015.

Thanksgiving is the peak day for home cooking fires.

Safety Tips:

  • Stay in the kitchen when you are cooking on the stovetop so you can keep an eye on the food.
  • Stay in the home when cooking your turkey and check on it frequently.
  • Keep children away from the stove. The stove will be hot and kids should stay 3 feet away.
  • Make sure kids stay away from hot food and liquids. The steam or splash from vegetables, gravy or coffee could cause serious burns.
  • Keep the floor clear so you don’t trip over kids, toys, pocketbooks or bags.
  • Keep knives out of the reach of children.
  • Be sure electric cords from an electric knife, coffee maker, plate warmer or mixer are not dangling off the counter within easy reach of a child.
  • Keep matches and utility lighters out of the reach of children — up high in a locked cabinet.
  • Never leave children alone in room with a lit candle.
  • Make sure your smoke alarms are working. Test them by pushing the test button.

More NFPA Thanksgiving-related information

Source: NFPA: http://www.nfpa.org/thanksgiving

Video: NFPA Safety Tips – Cooking Safety Video

SMOKE ALARMS

Smoke alarms detect and alert people to fire in its early stages, giving them the time needed to escape safely. When working properly, smoke alarms can mean the difference between life and death in a fire.

Smoke alarms must be maintained properly and tested regularly to ensure their effectiveness.

  • Smoke alarms should be replaced every 10 years.
  • Make sure you know how old all the smoke alarms are in your home.
  • To find out how old a smoke alarm is, look at the date of manufacture on the back of the alarm; the alarm should be replaced 10 years from that date.

Smoke Alarms English | Smoke Alarms Spanish
Smoke Alarms for people who are deaf or hard-of-hearing
Read more about smoke alarm facts.
Home Smoke Alarm Statistics

TURKEY FRYER SAFETY

Turkey Fryer FireMay families enjoy deep frying their turkey for but if they are not careful this can lead to fire and possibly serious injuries. It should come as no surprise that Thanksgiving is the peak day for home cooking fires.

Here are five dangers of deep frying a turkey fromThe U.S. Fire Administration (USFA):

  1. Turkey fryers can easily tip over, spilling hot cooking oil over a large area.
  2. An overfilled cooking pot will cause cooking oil to spill when the turkey is put in, and a partially frozen turkey will cause cooking oil to splatter when put in the pot.
  3. Even a small amount of cooking oil spilling on a hot burner can cause a large fire.
  4. Without thermostat controls, deep fryers can overheat oil to the point of starting a fire.
  5. The sides of the cooking pot, lid and pot handles can get dangerously hot.

Please follow these tips for safety:

  1. Be sure to follow the instructions in your fryer’s owner’s manual.
  2. Completely thaw your turkey – remember oil and water do not mix.
  3. Never leave your fryer unattended while in use.
  4. Keep children and pets at a safe distance.
  5. Keep an all-purpose fire extinguisher handy.
  6. Use your fryer outside and away from trees, siding, fences and any other structure.

Click here to watch a video demonstrating why using a fryer can be dangerous.
Click here for a printable “Prevent a Turkey Fryer Fire” handout.
Click here for a printable flyer from the NFPA on the dangers of Turkey Fryers.

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PLAN FOR A FIRE

Every second counts in the event of a fire. Plan and practice home fire drills.

make a plan.

Plan

  1. Draw a map of your home with all doors and windows.
  2. Share the map with your family.
  3. Have at least two ways out of each room.
  4. Pick a place to meet after you escape to check that everyone got out.

Practice

  1. Practice a home fire drill twice a year.
  2. Check to see that doors and windows open easily.
  3. Push the smoke alarm button to start the drill.
  4. Practice feeling your way around in the dark.
  5. Practice “Get Low and Go” to the nearest exit.
  6. Teach children to never hide during a fire.

Resources:

“Have Two Ways Out” public service announcement

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FIRE SAFETY FOR THE HOMELESS

HTTP://WWW.WYFF4.COM/NEWS/FIREFIGHTERS-SPREAD-THE-WORD-ABOUT-FIRE-PREVENTION/29567310

The Taylors Fire Department wants to spread the word about fire prevention. Firefighters brought baskets of food to areas where… They say… homeless people often gather… and talked to them about fire safety. This comes after emergency responders saw smoke coming from under a bridge over the weekend… And found a homeless man with third degree burns. It happened a short distance from the fire department. “We’ve never really thought about doing fire prevention for the homeless, but that’s something Taylors is going to start doing now. We’re going to start visiting these people and trying to teach them about fire safety especially in the winter time when they’re trying to stay warm.” Asst. Chief Bobby Van Pelt

http://www.foxcarolina.com/video?autoStart=true&topVideoCatNo=default&clipId=10840692

Taylors Fire Dept Fox News

Tips for staying safe:

  1. Make sure fires are in a dig out pit, have rocks or other noncombustible material around the pit to contain the fire.  Never leave a fire unattended.
  2. Keep couches, furniture, and other combustibles a minimum of 15′ away from the fire. Tents, tarps and other highly flammable items should be kept a minimum of 25′ away from the fire.
  3. If you have kerosene heater or other portable heater keep a minimum of 3′ from combustibles.
  4. Never leave candles unattended.
  5. Use caution where placing candles. Never place them near curtains, bedding, other combustibles, or where they can be easily turned over.
  6. Never smoke in bed or leave a lit cigarette unattended.
  7. Keep several gallons of water nearby in case of emergency to extinguish fire.

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CHRISTMAS TREE SAFETY TIPS

Safety TipEach year, fire departments respond to an average of 210 structure fires caused by Christmas trees. Carefully decorating Christmas trees can help make your holidays safer.

Picking the tree

  • If you have an artificial tree, be sure it is labeled, certified, or identified by the manufacturer as fire retardant.
  • Choose a tree with fresh, green needles that do not fall off when touched.

Placing the tree

  • Before placing the tree in the stand, cut 1″ – 2″ from the base of the trunk.
  • Make sure the tree is at least three feet away from any heat source, like fireplaces, radiators, candles, heat vents or lights.
  • Make sure the tree is not blocking an exit.
  • Add water to the tree stand. Be sure to add water daily.

Lighting the tree

  • Use lights that have the label of an independent testing laboratory. Some lights are only for indoor or outdoor use, but not both.
  • Replace any string of lights with worn or broken cords or loose bulb connections. Connect no more than three strands of mini string sets and a maximum of 50 bulbs for screw-in bulbs. Read manufacturer’s instructions for number of LED strands to connect.
  • Never use lit candles to decorate the tree.
  • Always turn off Christmas tree lights before leaving home or going to bed.

After Christmas

  • Get rid of the tree when it begins dropping needles. Dried-out trees are a fire danger and should not be left in the home or garage, or placed outside against the home. Check with your local community to find a recycling program. Bring outdoor electrical lights inside after the holidays to prevent hazards and make them last longer.

Click here for a printable version.

Facts & figures

  • Between 2007-2011, U.S. fire departments responded to an average of 230 home fires that started with Christmas trees per year. These fires caused an average of 6 deaths, 22 injuries, and $18.3 million in direct property damage annually.
  • On average, one of every 40 reported home fires that began with a Christmas tree resulted in a death, compared to an average of one death per 142 total reported home fires.
  • Electrical problems were factors in one-third (32%0 of home Christmas tree structure fires.
  • Two of every five (39%) home Christmas tree fires started in the living room, family room, or den.

Source: NFPA’s “Home Christmas Tree and Holiday Light Fires” by John R. Hall, Jr., November 2013.

Home Christmas Tree Fires Fact Sheet

Click here for printable PDF version.

Click here for more information about holiday safety.

Video:This NFPA/UL video demonstrates the flammability of a dry Christmas tree vs. a tree that has been watered regularly.

Video:NFPA’s Lisa Braxton offers a few simple safety tips to consider during the holiday season.

This test was conducted by the National Fire Protection Association and Underwriters Laboratories. For more information: http://www.nfpa.org/categoryList.asp?…

 

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HOLIDAY SAFETY

Winter holiday fires by the numbers
  • Electrical distribution or lighting equipment was involved in 35% of home Christmas tree fires.
  • One-fifth (20%) of the decoration fires started in the kitchen. One out of six (17%) started in the living room, family room or den.
  • The top three days for home candle fires were Christmas, New Year’s Day, and Christmas Eve.

View Winter_Holiday_Safety Tips – Printable.

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WINTER FIRES

The cold winter months are a leading time for home fires related to heating. Half of home heating fires are reported during the months of December, January, and February. Overall, heating equipment is the second leading cause of U.S. home fires and home fire deaths. Click here for Heating Safety Tips to keep your home and family safe.

Home heating advice from NFPA – Put a Freeze on Winter Fires

Click here for a Heating Safety Checklist.

Safety Tips: Space Heaters

Based on 2007-2011 annual averages:

  • Space heaters, whether portable or stationary, accounted for one-third (33%) of home heating fires and four out of five (81%) of home heating fire deaths.
  • The leading factor contributing to home heating fires (28%) was failure to clean, principally creosote from solid-fueled heating equipment, primarily chimneys.
  • Placing things that can burn too close to heating equipment or placing heating equipment too close to things that can burn, such as upholstered furniture, clothing, mattress, or bedding, was the leading factor contributing to ignition in fatal home heating fires and accounted for more than half (53%) of home heating fire deaths.
  • Half (50%) of all home heating fires occurred in December, January and February.

PORTABLE FIREPLACES

There is nothing like sitting by an open fire on a cold night. Indoor and outdoor portable ethanol burning fireplaces have become more popular in recent years. While these products provide ambiance and a little warmth, keep in mind the fuel, device and open flame can be dangerous.

Ethanol fuel smarts
Store ethanol fuel in a closed container, away from the fireplace and out of the reach of children. It may not be easy to see the ethanol fuel flame. Always close the lid or use a snuffer to be sure the flame is extinguished before refueling into a cooled fireplace. Use only fuel made specifically for the fireplace.

Fireplace safety

  • A portable ethanol burning fireplace, and the fuel, should only be used by adults.
  • Clean up any fuel spillage and be sure all liquid has evaporated before lighting the fireplace.
  • Light the fireplace using a utility lighter or long match.
  • An adult should always be present when a portable fireplace is burning.
  • Place the fireplace on a sturdy surface away from table edges.
  • Never try to move a lit fireplace or one that is still hot.
  • Don’t pour ethanol fuel in a device that is lit or not completely cool. It may result in a fire or injury.
  • Allow the device to cool down for at least 15 minutes before refueling.
  • Extinguish the flame when you leave the room, home or go to sleep.

NFPA Safety Tips – Portable Fireplace Safety

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GENERATOR SAFETY

Portable generators are useful during power outages. However, many homeowners are unaware that the improper use of portable generators can be risky. Generators emit carbon monoxide which is also known as CO. Carbon monoxide is called the “Invisible Killer” because it’s a colorless, odorless, poisonous gas. More than 150 people in the Unites States die every year from accidental non fire-related CO poisoning associated with consumer products, including generators. Other products include faulty, improperly-used or incorrectly-vented fuel-burning appliances such as furnaces, stoves, water heaters and fireplaces.

FACTS AND FIGURES:

  • CO deaths associated with generators have spiked in recent years as generator sales have risen.
  • In 1999, generators were associated with 6% of the total yearly estimated CO poisoning deaths associated with all consumer products compared to 24% in 2002.
  • There were at least 64 deaths in 2005 alone from CO poisoning associated with generators.
  • The dangers of CO exposure depend on a number of variables, including the victim’s health and activity level. Infants, pregnant women, and people with physical conditions that limit their body’s ability to use oxygen (i.e. emphysema, asthma, heart disease) can be more severely affected by lower concentrations of CO than healthy adults would be.
  • A person can be poisoned by a small amount of CO over a longer period of time or by a large amount of CO over a shorter amount of time.
  • In 2010, U.S. fire departments responded to an estimated 80,100 non-fire CO incidents in which carbon monoxide was found, or an average of nine such calls per hour.  The number of incidents increased 96 percent from 40,900 incidents reported in 2003. This increase is most

PREVENTION TIPS:

  • Generators should be operated in well ventilated locations outdoors away from all doors, windows and vent openings.
  • Never use a generator in an attached garage, even with the door open.
  • Place generators so that exhaust fumes can’t enter the home through windows, doors or other openings in the building.
  • Make sure to install carbon monoxide (CO) alarms in your home. Follow manufacturer’s instructions for correct placement and mounting height.
  • Turn off generators and let them cool down before refueling. Never refuel a generator while it is running.
  • Store fuel for the generator in a container that is intended for the purpose and is correctly labeled as such. Store the containers outside of living areas.

KNOW THE SYMPTOMS OF CO POISONING

Source: Consumer Product Safety Commission

Because CO is odorless, colorless, and otherwise undetectable to the human senses, people may not know that they are being exposed. The initial symptoms of low to moderate CO poisoning are similar to the flu (but without the fever). They include:

  • Headache
  • Fatigue
  • Shortness of breath
  • Nausea
  • Dizziness

High level CO poisoning results in progressively more severe symptoms, including:

  • Mental confusion
  • Vomiting
  • Loss of muscular coordination
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Ultimately death

CO ALARMS:

  • Install and maintain CO alarms inside your home to provide early warning of carbon monoxide.
  • CO alarms should be installed in a central location outside each separate sleeping area and on every level of the home.
  • Choose a CO alarm that has the label of a recognized testing laboratory.
  • CO alarms are not substitutes for smoke alarms. Know the difference between the sound of smoke alarms and the sound of CO alarms.

Printable Generator Safety PDF
Printable Portable Generators and Winter Storms PDF

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CLOTHES DRYER SAFETY

prevent dryer firesIn 2006-2010, there were 16,950 home structure fires per year reported to U.S. fire
departments where clothes dryers or washing machines were the equipment involved in ignition, with associated annual losses of 34 civilian deaths, 430 civilian injuries, and $209 million in direct property damage. Dryers alone accounted for 92% of these fires and 87% of the reported deaths. The leading factor contributing to ignition was failure to clean the clothes dryer. The risk of fire is roughly equal for gas-fueled clothes dryers and electric-powered
clothes dryers. These estimates are based on data from the U.S. Fire Administration’s (USFA’s) National Fire Incident Reporting System (NFIRS) and the National Fire Protection Association’s (NFPA’s) annual fire department experience survey. Read more here.

View FOX Carolina Video Segment about dryer safety.

Follow these simple steps to help prevent a clothes dryer fire:

  • Have your dryer installed and serviced by a
    professional.
  • Do not use the dryer without a lint filter.
  • Make sure you clean the lint filter before or after
    each load of laundry. Remove lint that has collected
    around the drum.
  • Rigid or flexible metal venting material should be
    used to sustain proper air flow and drying time.
  • Make sure the air exhaust vent pipe is not restricted
    and the outdoor vent flap will open when the dryer
    is operating. Once a year, or more often if you
    notice that it is taking longer than normal for your
    clothes to dry, clean lint out of the vent pipe or
    have a dryer lint removal service do it for you.
  • Keep dryers in good working order. Gas dryers
    should be inspected by a professional to make sure
    that the gas line and connection are intact and free
    of leaks.
  • Make sure the right plug and outlet are used and
    that the machine is connected properly.
  • Follow the manufacturer’s operating instructions
    and don’t overload your dryer.
  • Turn the dryer off if you leave home or when you
    go to bed.

NFPA Dryer Safety Tips

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GRILLING SAFETY

Safety Tips:

  • Propane and charcoal BBQ grills should only be used outdoors
  • The grill should be placed well away from the home, deck, railings and out from under eaves and overhanging branches.
  • Gas and charcoal grills should be a minimum of 10′ away from buildings.
  • Never use gas or charcoal grills on balconies or under combustible awnings.
  • Keep children and pets at least three feet away from the grill area.
  • Keep your grill clean by removing grease or fat buildup from the grill and in trays below the grill.
  • Never leave your grill unattended.
  • Always make sure your gas grill lid is open before lighting it.

Propane Grills:

Check the gas tank hose for leaks before using it for the first time each year. Apply a light soap and water solution to the hose. A propane leak will release bubbles. If your grill has a gas leak, by smell or the soapy bubble test, and there is no flame, turn off the gas tank and grill. If the leak stops, get the grill serviced by a professional before using it again. If the leak does not stop, call the fire department. If you smell gas while cooking, immediately get away from the grill and call the fire department. Do not move the grill. If the flame goes out, turn the grill and gas off and wait at least 15 minutes before re-lighting it. Click here for more grilling safety tips in a printable PDF. Learn more about grilling safety from the National Fire Protection Association.

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CARBON MONOXIDE – SUMMER SAFETY

Most people think of carbon monoxide poisoning in the winter months but carbon monoxide poisoning also happens during the summer months. Never use any gas-powered equipment in an enclosed space. CO levels can rise very quickly if there is not proper ventilation. Never use gas or propane-powered equipment such as lawnmowers, chain saws and weed-eaters in an enclosed area such as a garage, storage bldg or basement.
You can also get CO poisoning by using a fuel-burning lamp, heater or stove in a tent.

SUMMER CO SAFETY TIPS

1. Do not burn charcoal inside a tent, or any other unventilated area outside.
2. Do not grill inside.
3. Never leave your car running in a garage, even if the garage door is open.
4. Don’t use gas-powered tools and engines indoors. If this is unavoidable, open all the windows and doors and make sure the room is well ventilated.
5. Install CO detectors in boats and recreational vehicles
6. Don’t use fuel-burning heaters or lanterns in a camper, tent, or other enclosure.
7. Don’t let children or adults swim near the exhaust from a boat engine, and don’t stand directly over the boat’s exhaust pipe while on deck.

If you suspect CO poisoning please head seek medical assistance right away.

KNOW THE SYMPTOMS OF CO POISONING

Source: Consumer Product Safety Commission

Because CO is odorless, colorless, and otherwise undetectable to the human senses, people may not know that they are being exposed. The initial symptoms of low to moderate CO poisoning are similar to the flu (but without the fever). They include:

  • Headache
  • Fatigue
  • Shortness of breath
  • Nausea
  • Dizziness

High level CO poisoning results in progressively more severe symptoms, including:

  • Mental confusion
  • Vomiting
  • Loss of muscular coordination
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Ultimately death

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FIREWORKS SAFETY

EACH JULY 4TH, THOUSANDS OF PEOPLE, MOST OFTEN CHILDREN AND TEENS, ARE INJURED WHILE USING CONSUMER FIREWORKS.

Download NFPA Safety TIps

Despite the dangers of fireworks, few people understand the associated risks – devastating burns, other injuries, fires, and even death.

Fireworks during the Fourth of July are as American as apple-pie, but did you know that two out of five fires reported on that day are started by fireworks, more than for any other cause? The good news is you can enjoy your holiday and the fireworks, with just a few simple safety tips:

Proceed with caution!

  • Leave fireworks to the professionals. Do not use consumer fireworks.
  • The safest way to enjoy fireworks is to attend a public display conducted by trained professionals.
  • After the firework display, children should never pick up fireworks that may be left over, they may still be active.

Legal or not fireworks are too risky for amateurs

Permanent scarring, loss of vision, dismemberment – these are too often the harsh realities of amateur fireworks use. To keep the public safe from fireworks-related injuries and deaths, the nonprofit NFPA urges everyone to treat fireworks, whether legal or illegal for consumers, as suitable only for use by trained professionals. According to NFPA, amateur fireworks use endangers not only the users, but also bystanders and surrounding property and structures. Pyrotechnic devices ranging from sparklers to aerial rockets cause thousands of fires and serious injuries each year.

“Safe and sane fireworks don’t exist,” Judy Comoletti, NFPA’s Division Manager of Public Education. “When things go wrong with fireworks, they go very wrong, very fast, far faster than any fire protection provisions can reliably respond.” Read more.

Sparkler Safety Tip from South Carolina State Fire: Youngsters arms are too short to hold sparklers, which can heat up to 1,200 degrees and cause third degree burns. Let your young children use glow sticks instead. Sparklers cause 16 percent of consumer fireworks injuries, per U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission. Young children account for the majority of sparkler injuries.

If your child is going to hold a sparkler put the end through a cup so that your child’s hand is protected.

SC Fire Marshal’s List of Fireworks Safety Tips

“You cannot take safety for granted when it comes to fireworks,” State Fire Marshal Jonathan Jones said. “We want everyone to have fun, but safety precautions must come first.”

Here is the list of dos:

  • Observe local laws. If unsure whether it is legal to use fireworks, check with local officials.
  • Observe local weather conditions. Dry weather can make it easier for fireworks to start a fire.
  • Buy from permitted fireworks retailers.
  • Store fireworks in a cool, dry place.
  • Always have an adult present when shooting fireworks.
  • Use common sense. Always read and follow the directions on each firework.
  • Only use fireworks outdoors, away from homes, dry grass, and trees.
  • Ensure people and pets are out of range before lighting fireworks.
  • Light one firework at a time and keep a safe distance.
  • Put used fireworks in a bucket of water; keep a garden hose on hand.

Don’ts:

  • Point or throw fireworks at another person.
  • Re-ignite malfunctioning fireworks.
  • Experiment or attempt to make your own fireworks.
  • Give fireworks to small children.
  • Carry fireworks in your pocket.
  • Shoot fireworks from metal or glass containers.
  • Place any part of your body directly over a fireworks device when lighting the fuse. Back up to a safe distance immediately after lighting fireworks.

In South Carolina, the law prohibits the sale of fireworks to anyone younger than 16 years old.

“There are hundreds of permitted professional fireworks displays available to South Carolinians to enjoy the Fourth of July holiday,” Jones said. “Residents can consult their local fire officials for firework displays in their area.”

Fireworks injuries statistics
National Council on Fireworks Safety Recommended Safety Tips

Information sources:
National Fire Protection Association
www.nfpa.org/education

US Fire Administration
Consumer Product Safety Commission
Non-Fire Carbon Monoxide Incidents,” by Ben Evarts, March 2012

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